During the Soviet war in Afghanistan the city continued to be an economic center and was relatively safe. Between 1992 and 1996, a civil war between militant groups devastated Kabul and caused the deaths of thousands of civilians, serious damage to infrastructure, and an exodus of refugees. Since the Taliban's fall from power in November 2001, the Afghan government and other countries have attempted to rebuild the city, although the Taliban insurgents have slowed the re-construction efforts and staged major attacks against the government, the NATO-led forces, foreign diplomats and Afghan civilians.
The Kabul River is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows in the Hindu Kush Range. Its largest tributary is the Kunar River, which starts out as the Mastuj River, flowing from the Chiantar glacier in Chitral, Pakistan and after flowing south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal river flowing from Nurestan. The Kunar meets the Kabul near Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this confluence, mainly for the political and historical significance of the name.
Music had been banned in Afghanistan in 1996 by the Taliban, with those found playing or selling it imprisoned and tortured, and many musicians fleeing the country ... Dr Sarmast was in exile in Australia in 2001 but had begun negotiating the rebuilding of music education with the Afghan government and went on to found ANIM in Kabul in 2010.
"All public, private and supplementary schools must ban schoolgirls 12 and older from performing in music choirs in any ceremony and public programmes". It was this very letter by Kabul's EducationDirector, Ahmad Zamir Kawara, that caused outrage in the country ... "The director of education in Kabul does not outrank the minister of education.
The letter also stipulated that girls couldn’t be trained by a male music teacher ...Women across Afghanistan express themselves through music, with many using it as a coping mechanism in times of violence and war ... It’s a way for me to reach truth,” she said from a basement gym at a Kabul school where was practising music and dance with her students.
The Afghan education ministry says it is investigating a recent statement from the director of education in the capital, Kabul, which banned girls older than 12 from singing in public ... The Kabul statement banned girls 12 years and older from singing at school functions, and also banned older girls from having male music teachers.
KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — A memo from Afghanistan’s education ministry banning girls 12 years old and older from singing at school functions has been causing a stir on social media, prompting the authorities to say it was a mistake and that its authors had misunderstood the objective.
7 file photo, students attend an open air class at a primary school in Kabul, Afghanistan, An Afghan education ministry memo banning girls, 12 years old and older, from singing at public school functions, which the education ministry tells The Associated Press today was a mistake, is causing a social media stir.
Music, except religious songs, was also banned, as was television. The memo, which went to all school districts in Kabul, was rescinded, said ministry spokeswoman Najiba Arian, insisting that its authors had misunderstood the purpose. A new memo was subsequently sent, saying music groups for both secondary school girls and boys are banned.
My Journey to America is a suite of five short movements, each preceded by a spoken narrative by Yousufi, describing his journey from his dramatic birth story in Kabul, Afghanistan to becoming a refugee in New York City... By the age of 12 he was teaching painting and was able to attend the one and only music school in Kabul.
India’s interest has lately been underlined in spite of the unsettling political and military situation in Afghanistan, which may well permit the return of the Taliban to the seat of power in Kabul... Kabul has not had an ambassador in New Delhi for more than two years and it fell to this young diplomat to fill a big gap.